Table 2

Comparisons of main pedagogical tools used between medical specialties (n=16 articles) and surgical specialties (n=29)

Type of toolMedical n (%)Surgical n (%)P value
Online courses13 (81)27 (93)0.33
e-learning programme2 (12)5 (17)1
Telemedicine2 (12)4 (14)1
Virtual educational tool/simulation2 (12)14 (52)0.01
Other2 (14)4 (14)1
  • Tools with p-values < 0.05 are highlighted in bold