Table 5

Demographic details of survey respondents in sources included in this scoping review

Continent of originNorth America (n=13)Europe (n=10)Asia (n=3)South America (n=1)Middle East (n=1)Multiple continents (n=4)
16 19–21 26–28 30 35–37 40 4210 15 17 22 24 25 29 31–3318 23 34111312 14 38 41
SpecialtyOrthopaedic (n=7)Urology (n=5)Neurosurgery (n=4)ENT (n=3)General surgery (n=2)Other surgical* (n=4)
11 18 30 31 34 40 4210 15 19 29 3812 16 28 3320 32 3635 3714 23 26 41
Combined surgical †(n=2)Medical (n=1)All specialties‡ (n=1)Other§ (n=3)
24 25221317 21 27
Level of trainingResident/trainee (n=19)Consultants and junior staff (n=5)Chief resident/ representative resident (n=3)Programme director and fellow/resident (n=3)Fellow and resident (n=2)
11 12 14–18 20 23–25 27–29 32–35 3822 30 31 41 4221 37 4019 26 3610 13
Number of junior medical staff participants0–100 (n=9)101–250 (n=13)251–500 (n=3)501–1000 (n=2)>1000 (n=1)N/A (n=4)
11 12 14 27 31 32 36 37 4113 16 18–22 25 26 33 38 40 4210 15 1723 243528–30 34
Age¶Median (IQR) age (n=6)Mean %<30 years (n=3)Mean %>30 years (n=3)Other (n=1)N/A (n=4)No mention (n=18)
29.5 (29.2–30.4)71.728.31128–30 3415 16 19–21 24–27 31 33 35–38 40–42
Female (%)Median (IQR) % (n=13)N/A (n=4)No mention (n=15)
33.3 (30–61.6)28–30 3414 16 20 21 24 25 27 31 33 35 36 38 40–42
  • *Other surgical specialties include Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery; Ophthalmology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Vascular Surgery.

  • †Combined surgical specialties denote study populations inclusive of all surgical specialties.

  • ‡All specialties denote study populations inclusive of all junior medical staff from any specialty.

  • §Other specialties include Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Radiology.

  • ¶The median age was calculated by obtaining the median of all reported mean ages (six sources). Where population age was reported by percentage of population falling within certain age ranges (three sources), an arbitrary cut-off of 30 years was chosen, and mean percentages of these ranges were obtained. One source (other) reported the entire study population as being between 25 and 34 years of age.