Table 1

Characteristics of the included studies

AuthorsDesignSamplesCut-off (U/L)Age (years)Male (%)Hypertension (%)Diabetes (%)CAD/CVD (%)OutcomeNOS
Chen et al 20209Retrospective Cohort21>300568123.814.3Severity7
Chen et al 202010Retrospective Cohort635>245615037.622.88.2 (CAD)Severity7
Colaneri et al 202011Retrospective Cohort44>30072.734.915.925 (CVD)Severity7
Deng et al 202012Retrospective Cohort65>2433455.34.630Severity7
Guan et al 202013Retrospective Cohort675>2504758.1157.42.5 (CAD)ICU +IMV + Mortality7
Hong et al 202014Retrospective Cohort9855.438.830.69.211.2 (CVD)ICU7
Huang et al 20205Retrospective Cohort40>2454973152015 (CVD)ICU Care7
Huang et al 202015Retrospective Cohort614>2505646.433.414.810.5 (CVD)Mortality9
Jang et al 202016Retrospective Cohort110>55056.960.933.626.44.3 (CVD)Severity7
Khamis et al 202017Retrospective Cohort63>250488532326.4 (CVD)ICU7
Li et al 202018Retrospective113>300Mortality6
Li 202019Retrospective Cohort534>2506050.930.315.16.2 (CAD)Severity9
Mikami et al 202020Retrospective Cohort2126>4406657.23323.3Mortality9
Ramos-Rincon et al 202021Retrospective Cohort2772>50086.349.47525.630.8 (CVD)Mortality9
Wang et al 202022Prospective Cohort6557.157Severity5
Wang et al 202023Retrospective Cohort252>2504946.519.66.21.8 (CAD)Severity7
Wei et al 202024Retrospective Cohort102>2505156.2175.14 (CAD)Severity7
Zhang et al 20208Retrospective Cohort93755.648.424.7 (CVD)Mortality7
Zhang S 2020Retrospective Cohort788>2504451.6167.21.4Severity7
Zheng et al 202026Retrospective Cohort161>2254549.713.74.32.5 (CAD)Severity7
Zhou et al 202027Retrospective Cohort184>245566230198 (CAD)Mortality8
  • CAD, coronary artery disease; CVD, cardiovascular disease; ICU, intensive care unit; IMV, invasive mechanical ventilation; NOS, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.