Table 1

Included themes, subthemes and indicative example tweets

ThemeSubthemeExample tweet
Signposting and appraising evidence and guidanceSharing guidance‘Important info from @PICSociety - we see more #Kawasaki disease here in Australia than I saw in the U.K., but important considerations for us in the #COVID__19 era #FOAMed #FOAMped https://t.co/vT3KHT7A5v
Highlighting novel evidence‘Droplets Spread More than 2 Meters (A Systematic Review) via @First10EM https://t.co/qYpby6qCK5 #FOAMed #COVID19 #COVID19FOAM There is no such thing as the “2 meter rule” https://t.co/dtpv1Xs8fN
Providing expert commentary‘We can no longer say there’s a lack of evidence, but there’s some signal that we should stop using DOACs as off-label indication for LV thrombus despite some case reports of success, warfarin is the way to go for these patients #cardiotwitter #thombus’.
Sharing specialist and technical adviceSeeking advice‘Any Pre hospital system using Fascia iliaca block for fractures? What is your experience? #FOAMed’.
Interpreting investigations‘Clues that this is hyperK over STEMI: - Tall, peaked T waves in V5/V6 - Absent P waves (K from 7 to 9 typically progresses with PR prolongation to P wave disappearance) - Wide QRS - Beginning of sine wavy-ness is precordial leads Anything else? #MedTwitter #MedStudentTwitter’.
Imparting specialist advice‘Great list! I’ve also been using reverse Trendelenburg position (briefly) in some folks on cpap who had acute desats and it seemed to help their sats recover (probably not a great long term idea though)’.
Sharing clinical cases‘Older patient. Severe abdominal pain. BP low/tachy. Resident states has pulsatile mass-?ruptured AAA. POCUS obviously-Midepigastric TRV. See thread. #POCUS #FOAMed #FOAMus #FOAMcc #MedEd #Medtwitter @medpedshosp @grepmeded @NephroP @cianmcdermott https://t.co/vVJ9SDyxEv
Bookmarking written resources‘Wiki For Doctors: Check out PR Bleeding https://t.co/Hc2K8Einjr’ #TipsForNewDocs #FOAMed #FY1 #JuniorDoctor #NHS #MedEd #MedicalEducation #FiY1’.
Bookmarking audio-visual resources‘Morning walk with this guy and a good podcast by @thecurbsiders. God is good. Kidney Transplant for the Internist #FOAMed #Meded #MedTwitter #internalmedicine https://t.co/qxh54Jnx8l’
Personal and social engagementMarketing products and services‘Noninvasive Ventilation MasterClass plus full course library available free to hospitals/healthcare leaders treating #COVID19 pts. Overview https://t.co/P24cvrKwh5 Registration https://t.co/CVsIQyN3Dl #FOAMed #foamcovid #MedEd #Covid_19 #healthcare #AAMC @AmerMedicalAssn’.
Offering well-being advice‘#SwitchingOff For a productive day and night: Don’t check emails (or social media) first thing in the morning. Don’t check emails (or social media) last thing at night. #Foam4GPs #Foamed #MentalHealth https://t.co/bp3U1AdesB’
Building social networks‘Welcome new followers, we look forward to sharing #hypermobility and #EhlersDanlos syndromes info and tips with you #EDS #HSD #hEDS #Fibro #Fibromyalgia #POTS #MCAS #MedEd #FOAMed #doctors #nurses #genetics #MedTwitter #rheumatology #zebras #pain #CVID’.