Table 1

Course characteristics, structure and content

Lead author,
year,
Institution,
country
Course structureMedical student populationNon-medical student populationDuration of interventionEducation settingTeaching methods
Back,26
2019,
Bundeswehr Hospital, Germany
Disaster medicine course which encompassed didactic and practical elements from 12 medical specialties51, third year students04 weeksClassroom, indoor simulation, online web systemLecture, practical skills, simulation, group discussion, computer activity, case study, self-study
Bajow,13
2016,
King Fahd Security College, Saudi Arabia
Emergency and disaster medicine course consisting of didactic, practical elements and field trips29, fourth to sixth year students02 weeksLecture hall, classroom, indoor simulation, distance learning, field tripLecture, simulation, role play, group discussion, video, case study, observation
Carney,27
2011,
Case Western Reserve, Harvard, Colorado and Vermont Colleges of Medicine, USA
Pandemic influenza courses from four universities consisting of didactic sessions followed by role play and simulated exercisesCWRU=NK, first year students
HMS=729 first year students
CU=146 fourth year students
UVM=71 clerkship year
01 dayLecture hall, classroom, indoor simulation, online web systemLecture, simulation, role play, group discussion, computer activity
Chernock,28
2019,
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, USA
Haemorrhage control tourniquet teaching with hands on practical experience on manikins359, first to fourth year students02 daysClassroom, indoor simulationSimulation, group discussion, interactive activity, video and podcast, self-study
Goolsby,15
2014,
University of the Health Sciences, USA
Large-scale high-fidelity combat casualty training preceded by a combat medical skills course91, first year military students010 daysClassroom, indoor simulationPractical skills, simulation, handout, self-study
Ingrassia,29
2014
CRIMEDIM, Italy
Nationwide course on disaster medicine delivered to 21 medical schools in Italy524, fourth to sixth year students01 weekClassroom, indoor, simulation, distance learning, online web systemLecture, interactive activity, simulation, computer activity, case study, self-study
Kaji,30
2010,
University of California, USA
Disaster medicine elective consisting of didactic elements, interactive exercises, and observation of disaster planning and drills6, fourth year students02 weeksClassroom, field tripLecture, interactive activity, practical, observation
Lei,31
2019,
UTHealth McGovern Medical School, USA
Haemorrhage control tourniquet teaching followed by hands on practical experience123, third year students287 school nurses, 68 interdisciplinary, 77 general public1 dayClassroom, indoor simulationLecture, simulation, group discussion
Lin,32
2009,
University of Illinois, USA
Bag-valve-mask training in disaster setting consisting of didactic sessions followed by hands on practical31, second and fourth year students01 daysLecture hall, classroom, indoor simulationLecture, practical skills, simulation
Marcus,33
2019,
University of Toledo, USA
Haemorrhage control tourniquet teaching with low fidelity hands on practical experience107, first year students01 dayClassroom, outdoor simulationLecture, simulation, group discussion
Marshall,34
2008,
University of Hawaii School of Medicine, USA
Pandemic problem-based learning course3, not stated2 nursing, 1 public health, and 1 social work student and 2 social workers2 weeksClassroomInteractive activity, group discussion, case study
Myong,35
2016,
The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea
Respiratory protective equipment fitting education programme50, senior students0Not statedClassroomDemonstration
Padaki,36
2018,
Department of Emergency Medicine, Christiana Care Health System, USA
Didactic lecture and simulated cases of in-flight medical emergencies course18, 3 third year and 15 fourth year students02 weeksSimulationLectures, interactive activity, simulation
Parrish,37
2005,
The Texas A&M College of Medicine, USA
Military-based lecture and experiential element course72, second year students04 daysClassroomLectures, interactive activity
Patel,38
2016,
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, USA
Online disaster preparedness curriculum consisting of four modules132, first to fourth year students0Not statedOnline web systemComputer activity
Rivkind,39
2015,
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Israel
Resuscitation, procedures and decision-making course in trauma disaster management490, not stated02 weeksOutdoor simulationLectures, interactive activity, simulation, group discussion case study
Scott,40
2010,
Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Didactic training scenario and two simulated hazardous material and mass casualty training exercises61, fourth year students01 dayClassroom, outdoor simulationLectures, interactive activity, simulation
Scott,41
2012,
Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Course revolving around three small group exercises and multi-actor clinical disaster scenarios10, not stated17 doctors, nurses or emergency managers1 dayClassroom, online web system, outdoor simulationLectures, interactive activity, simulation
Scott,14
2013,
Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Three small group exercises and multi-actor clinical disaster scenarios24, fourth year students7 doctors, 7 nurses and 1 emergency manager1 dayClassroom, online web system, outdoor simulationLectures, interactive activity, simulation
Silenas,16
2008,
The Texas A&M College of Medicine, USA
Small group role-playing session and debriefing course69, second year students20 veterinary or public health students1 weekClassroomGroup discussion
Vincent,42
2008,
Telehealth Research Institute, University of Hawaii, USA
Three short podcasts followed by an immersive virtual reality-based exercise24, first to fourth year students01 dayOnline web system, virtual reality simulationComputer activity, interactive activity, podcast
Vincent,43
2009,
Telehealth Research Institute, University of Hawaii, USA
Four short podcasts followed by a manikin (SimMan)-based exercise21, first to fourth year students01 dayOnline web system, virtual reality simulationComputer activity, interactive activity, podcast
Wiesner,44
2018,
Georgetown University School of Medicine, USA
Didactic lectures and hands-on skills workshops in resuscitation81, not stated01 dayClassroomLectures, interactive activity, simulation