Table 4

Logistic regression analysis for having a possible alcohol use disorder (AUDIT≥8), by group and year

VariableMedicine first yearMedicine second yearMedicine final yearLaw first year
OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Age
 Continuous0.72 (0.58 to 0.89)0.0020.92 (0.82 to 1.03)0.1611.02 (0.92 to 1.14)0.7240.71 (0.54 to 0.93)0.013
Cannabis use
 Never1 (reference)0.0351 (reference)0.0321 (reference)0.0011 (reference)0.032
 Ever2.17 (1.06 to 4.48)2.15 (1.07 to 4.34)3.19 (1.61 to 6.33)2.99 (1.10 to 8.14)
Ethnicity
 Non-white1 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)0.0031 (reference)0.1181 (reference)<0.001
 White3.58 (1.84 to 6.98)2.70 (1.41 to 5.15)1.96 (0.84 to 4.55)6.60 (2.56 to 16.99)
Gender
 Female1 (reference)0.6131 (reference)0.5101 (reference)0.0891 (reference)0.716
 Male1.16 (0.65 to 2.08)1.21 (0.69 to 2.13)1.68 (0.92 to 3.07)1.17 (0.50 to 2.77)
HADS-Anxiety
 0–71 (reference)0.0641 (reference)0.8401 (reference)0.1011 (reference)0.799
 8–210.54 (0.28 to 1.04)0.94 (0.50 to 1.75)1.69 (0.90 to 3.17)1.12 (0.48 to 2.60)
HADS-Depression
 0–71 (reference)0.5751 (reference)0.9681 (reference)0.0171 (reference)0.966
 8–211.46 (0.39 to 5.50)1.02 (0.35 to 2.96)0.28 (0.10 to 0.80)1.03 (0.24 to 4.39)
Smoking
 Never1 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)0.1301 (reference)0.031
 Ever5.80 (2.92 to 11.52)4.10 (2.21 to 7.63)1.77 (0.85 to 3.70)2.66 (1.09 to 6.49)
  • AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.