Table 3

Data from post-Q questionnaire: healthcare professionals’ perceptions after implementation of unannounced in situ simulation (ISS) (referred to as 'unannounced drills' in the questionnaires)

Question itemsDid you hear about the unannounced drills?Did you talk about the clinical content of unannounced drills?Did you talk about participating in unannounced drills?Were you anxious about the unannounced drills?Did you look forward to the unannounced drills?Do you think that unannounced drills are important for future cooperation?Do you think that unannounced drills are important to identify necessary changes in work processes?Do you think that unannounced drills are helpful in preparing for real-life emergencies?Do you think planned obstetric training is a prerequisite for unannounced drills?Did you study the written reports on the unannounced drills?Did you study clinical guidelines because of the unannounced drills?Did you study other written materials or literature because of the unannounced drills?Did you train on a delivery manikin because of the unannounced drills?
Staff +/− ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS−ISS+ISS
Strongly disagree4
(3%)
038 (28%)1
(6%)
44 (33%)1
(6%)
56 (41%)11 (61%)11 (8%)1
(6%)
1
(1%)
1
(6%)
12 (9%)1
(6%)
22 (16%)012 (9%)2 (11%)35 (26%)1
(6%)
36 (27%)5 (28%)41 (31%)6 (33%)57 (44%)7 (39%)
Disagree12 (9%)053 (39%)5 (27%)48 (35%)4 (22%)34 (25%)5 (28%)15 (11%)1 (6%)4 (3%)1 (6%)11 (8%)1 (6%)15 (11%)1 (6%)7 (5%)1 (6%)22 (16%)1 (6%)39 (29%)6 (33%)42 (32%)6 (33%)21 (16%)3 (17%)
Uncertain009 (7%)1 (6%)5 (4%)021 (16%)038 (28%)4 (22%)12 (9%)057 (42%)2 (11%)47 (35%)4 (22%)15 (11%)2 (11%)7 (5%)2 (11%)12 (9%)2 (11%)23 (17%)3 (17%)26 (20%)1 (6%)
Agree51 (38%)2 (11%)31 (23%)10 (55%)35 (26%)13 (72%)19 (14%)1 (6%)40 (30%)5 (27%)19 (14%)3 (17%)26 (19%)8 (44%)36 (27%)9 (50%)46 (34%)8 (44%)46 (34%)9 (50%)44 (32%)4 (22%)23 (17%)3 (17%)20 (15%)4 (22%)
Strongly agree68 (50%)16 (89%)4 (3%)1 (6%)3 (2%)05 (4%)1 (6%)31 (23%)7 (38%)98 (73%)13 (72%)28 (21%)6 (33%)15 (11%)4 (22%)55 (41%)5 (28%)25 (19%)5 (28%)4 (3%)1 (6%)4 (3%)07 (5%)3 (17%)
Total (%)13518135181351813518135181341813418135181351813518135181331813118
Non-responders20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)21/155 (14%)5/23 (21%)21/155 (14%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)20/155 (13%)5/23 (21%)22/155 (14%)5/23 (21%)24/155 (15%)5/23 (21%)
Cochran–Armitage trend test0.00940.00200.00050.12180.17390.59870.04270.00560.51110.02150.70950.64330.2550
  • Responses are presented separately for staff who participated in the ISS (+ISS) and who did not participate in the unannounced ISS (−ISS). Responses to questionnaire items were given on a five-point Likert scale from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The questionnaire statements are shown in bold.