Table 1

Common precipitants and complications of falls in Parkinson's disease (PD)

CausesPD related
 Advancing disease
 Poor control
 Motor fluctuations
 Postural instability
 Orthostatic hypotension
 Dyskinesia
 Psychosis
Non-PD related
 Sepsis
 Cardiovascular
  Arrhythmia/ischaemic heart disease/embolus
 Respiratory
  COPD/interstitial lung disease
 Locomotor
  Osteoarthritis/rheumatoid arthritis
 Pharmacological
  Sedatives/cardioactive drugs/levodopa
 Neurological
  Stroke/peripheral neuropathy
SequelaeFractures
Pain
Head injury
Delirium
  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.