Table 1

‚ÄÉCauses of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

PrimaryObesity, glucose intolerance, hypertriglyceridaemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension
NutritionalProtein-calorie malnutrition, rapid weight loss, gastrointestinal bypass surgery, total parental nutrition
DrugsGlucocorticoids, oestrogens, tamoxifen, amiodarone, methotrexate, diltiazem, zidovudine, valproate, aspirin, tetracycline, cocaine
MetabolicLipodystrophy, hypopituitarism, dysbetalipoproteinaemia, Weber-Christian disease
ToxinsAmanita phalloides mushroom, phosphorus poisoning, petrochemicals, bacillus cereus toxin
InfectionsHuman immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C, small bowel diverticulosis with bacterial overgrowth