Table 1

 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes

CharacteristicType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesp Value
OHA, oral hypoglycaemic agents. Values are expressed as mean (SD).
Sex (% male)54.253.50.8
Age (years)40.4 (15.1)62.5 (11.8)<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)26 (4.5)31.1 (6.3)<0.0001
HBA1c (%)8.9 (1.7)8.3(1.7)<0.0001
Treatment (%)
    Insulin94.617.9<0.0001
    OHA060.7<0.0001
    OHA + insulin5.413.1<0.0001
    Diet alone08.3<0.0001
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
    Systolic127.4 (23.3)144.9 (23.7)<0.0001
    Diastolic68.9 (11.8)74.1 (12.6)<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.6 (3.1)5.2 (1.3)0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.5 (1.0)2.3 (1.3)0.0001
HDL (mmol/l)1.65 (0.4)1.3 (0.4)<0.0001
Creatinine (μmol/l)106.2 (56.7)108.9 (46.0)0.2