Table 1

 Randomised controlled trials of non-invasive ventilation in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema

StudyPatients (n)Intubation rate n (%)Mortality n (%)
BiPAPCPAPControlBiPAPCPAPControlBiPAPCPAPControl
Rasanen et al420206 (30)12 (60)3 (15)6 (30)
Lin et al5253071724
Bersten et al6192007 (35)2 (10.5)4 (20)
Lin et al1450503 (6)4 (8)4 (8)6 (12)
Mehta et al5014131 (7)1 (8)1 (7)2 (15)
Takeda et al811112 (18)8 (73)1 (9)7 (64)
Sharon et al49202016 (80)4 (20)2 (10)0
Masip et al919181 (5)6 (33)02 (10.5)
Levitt et al4821175 (23.8)7 (41.2)3 (15)3 (21.4)
Park et al10791003 (33.3)4 (40)01 (11.1)0
Kelly et al3931272 (6.5)7 (25.9)2 (6.5)7 (25.9)
Nava et al11656513 (20)16 (25)6 (8)9 (14)
Crane et al122020201 (5)1 (5)05 (25)06 (30)
L’Her et al1343462 (4.3)4 (9.3)2 (6.5)7 (25.9)
Bellone et al5124222(8.3)1 (4.5)02 (9.1)
Park et al452727262 (7)2 (7)11 (42)2 (7)1 (4)6 (23)