Table 3

‚ÄÉNeuropsychiatric side effects of common cardiovascular medications

Agitation/anxietyDeliriumDepressionHallucinationsMania hypomania euphoriaSeizuresSleep problems
Amiodarone+++
ő≤-Blockers++++++
Captopril++++
Clonidine++
Diltiazem+++++
Digoxin+++++
Doxazosin+ (2.4%)+
Disopyramide+++
Enalapril+++
Felodipine+
Hydralazine++
Lidocaine++
Lisinopril+
Mexilitene++
Nicardipine+ (rare)++
Nifedipine++
Prazosin++
Procainamide+++
Propanolol++
Quinapril++
Reserpine++
Spironolactone+
Streptokinase++