Table 2

Side effects related to the use of diuretics

General side effects
    Electrolyte disturbances
    Hyponatraemia
    Hypokalaemia
    Hypomagnesaemia
    Hypocalciuria
    Hyperuricaemia
    Impotence
    Metabolic alkalosis
    Perturbation of carbohydrate metabolism
    Hyperglycaemia
    Insulin resistance
    Decreased insulin secretion
    Non-ketotic hyperosmolar state
    Lipid abnormalities
    Increased low density lipoprotein
    Increased very low density lipoprotein
    Increased total cholesterol
    Increased triglycerides
Specific side effects
    Frusemide: ototoxicity
    Spironolactone: gynaecomastia and galactorrhoea
    Acetazolamide: metabolic acidosis
    Potassium sparing diuretics: hyperkalaemia