Table 3

Determinants of BMD in females as analysed by stepwise multiple linear regression

Lumbar spineHip
VariablesCoefficient of variation (SE)Statistical significanceCoefficient of variation (SE)Statistical significance
NS, not significant.
Ethnic origin−1.280 (0.028)p<0.0001−0.091 (0.023)p<0.0001
Weight0.003 (0.001)p<0.0200.004 (0.001)p<0.0001
Height0.113 (0.103)NS0.049 (0.046)NS
Smoker−0.003 (−0.163)NS0.022 (0.023)NS
Pack years0.159 (0.162)NS0.167 (0.176)NS
Alcohol−0.158 (−0.159)NS−0.057 (−0.060)NS
Units/week0.143 (0.148)NS0.095 (0.102)NS
Sunlight exposure−0.086 (−0.093)NS0.037 (0.041)NS
Meat in diet0.005 (0.006)NS−0.110 (−0.118)NS
Fish in diet0.117 (0.120)NS−0.043 (−0.045)NS