Table 2

A cost effectiveness league table. Cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) of competing therapies—some tentative estimates

InterventionCost per QALY (£, 1990 prices)
GP advice to stop smoking270
Antihypertensive therapy940
Pacemaker insertion1100
Hip replacement1180
Value replacement for aortic stenosis1410
Coronary artery bypass graft2090
Kidney transplant4710
Breast screening5780
Heart transplant7840
Hospital haemodialysis21970