Table 1

Indications and contraindications for enteral feeding

IndicationsRelative contraindications
MedicalIntestinal obstruction
    Inflammatory bowel diseaseIleus
    Hepatic failureHigh output small bowel fistula
    Renal failureHigh doses positive inotropic agents
    Respiratory failure
NeurologicalEnteral feeding can be given in the presence of gut obstruction or when there is a high output small bowel enterocutaneous fistula
    Cerebrovascular accident
    Motor neurone disease
    Acquired brain injury
    Brain tumour
    Parkinson's disease
Surgical
    Preoperative
    Postoperative
    Fistula
    Burns
    Sepsis
    Head and neck cancer
    Gastrointestinal tract cancer
    Gastrointestinal tract surgery
    Pancreatitis
Orthopaedic
    Trauma
Psychiatric
    Anorexia nervosa
Paediatric
    Cystic fibrosis
Miscellaneous
    Intensive care patients
    Short bowel
    Cachexia
    Transition from parenteral nutrition