Table 1

Clinical and biochemical characteristics of the study subjects

Parameters Normoalbuminuric group (n=907) Microalbuminuric group (n=518) p Value
Age (years)51 (10)54 (11)<0.001
Male (%)577 (63.6%)299 (57.7%)0.03
Age at diagnosis (years)45 (10)46 (11)NS
Duration of diabetes (years)6 (6)8 (7)<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)25.2 (4.2)24.8 (4.1)NS
Systolic BP (mm Hg)133 (16)138 (17)<0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)83 (7)84 (8)0.013
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)9.9 (3.6)11.5 (4.8)<0.001
HbA1c (%)9.1 (2.2)9.7 (2.3)<0.001
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)80.4 (29.2)84.1 (19.4)0.010
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l)5.0 (1.0)5.0 (1.1)NS
Serum triglycerides (mmol/l)2.2 (1.6)2.2 (2.0)NS
High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (mmol/l)1.0 (0.26)1.0 (0.34)NS
No (%) with ischaemic heart disease
 Ischaemia45 (5)47 (9)0.002
 Infarction18 (2)15 (3)NS
No (%) with retinopathy
 NPDR72 (8)83 (16)<0.001
 NPDR with maculopathy45 (5)62 (12)<0.001
 Proliferative retinopathy7 (0.8)14 (3)<0.001
 Peripheral vascular disease6 (0.7)7 (3.3)<0.001
 Neuropathy45 (5.0)64 (12.4)<0.001
  • Data are No(%) or mean (SD). NPDR = non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy; BP = blood pressure; HbA1c = glycated haemoglobin.