Table 2

Prevalence of gallstones in the largest sonographic surveys, which included persons from all age groups (see p 228 for list of references)

City (country)ReferenceNo of participantsPrevalence (%)
MaleFemaleGlobal
Europe
 Sirmione, ItalyBarbara et al, 19871 9116.714.410.9
 Copenhagen, DenmarkJörgensen, 19873 6085.611.08.8
 Bergen, NorwayGlambek et al, 19871 37120.323.321.9
 Schwedt, East GermanyBerndt et al, 19893 22613.124.519.7
 Timisoara, RomaniaSporea et al, 19931 3236.112.810.9
 Chianciano, ItalyLoriaet al, 19941 8043.78.45.9
 Castellana, ItalyMisciagna et al, 19942 4616.412.89.2
 Stockholm, SwedenMuhrbeck and Ahlberg, 1995556111815
 10 regions, ItalyAttili et al, 199529 7399.518.913.8
 Bristol, EnglandHeatonet al, 19911 8966.88.07.5
 PolandTomecki et al, 199510 1338.218.0
 Montegrotto, ItalyOkolicsany et al, 19952 5306.214.710.5
 Vidauban, FranceCaroli-Bosc et al, 199683112.517.815.7
 Guadalajara, SpainMartinez de Pancorbo et al, 19975367.811.59.7
 Ulm, GermanyKratzeret al, 19981 1165.86.3
Asia
 Okinawa, JapanNomura et al, 19882 5842.44.03.2
 Srinagar, Kashmir, IndiaKhuroo et al, 19891 1043.19.66.1
 Chiayi , TaiwanLuet al, 19909234.54.64.6
 Jiaotong, ChinaZhao et al, 199015 8562.34.73.6
 Chiang Mai, ThailandPrathnadi et al, 19926 1462.53.73.1
 TaiwanChenet al, 19983 64710.711.510.7
North America
 US HispanicsMaurer et al, 19902 3205.419.113.3
 Starr County, Texas, USHanis et al, 19931 0048.020.217.9
 NHANES III, USEverhartet al, 199914 00014.3
  Mexican Americans8.926.7
  Non-Hispanic whites8.616.6
  Non-Hispanic blacks5.313.9
South America
 Santiago, ChileCovarrubias et al, 19951 81114.537.428.5
 Pampas de San Juan, PeruMoro et al, 20001 53416.110.714.3
Africa
 Khartoum, SudanBagi Abdel et al, 19912525.65.15.2