Table 2

Clinical characteristics of study groups

VariableStudy groups
No proteinuria (n=1604)Microproteinuria (n=47)Macroproteinuria (n=127)Proteinuria without retinopathy (n=70)
Age (years)52 (11)57 (9)2-150 55 (8)2-150 56 (12)
Age of diagnosis of diabetes (years)45 (10)44 (9)42 (9)2-150 49 (11)2-153
Duration of diabetes (years)6 (6)13 (7)2-150 13 (7)2-150 6 (6)2-152
BMI (kg/m2)25.0 (4.1)24.8 (4.7)23.4 (3.5)2-151 27.0 (5.2)2-153
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)135 (16)142 (17)2-150 147 (20)2-150 143 (21)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)84 (7)85 (7)88 (11)2-150 88 (11)2-150
Hypertension (%)   37%47%2-150 67%2-151 61%
  • 2-150 Significantly different from group with no proteinuria (p<0.05).

  • 2-151 p<0.05 when compared with groups with microproteinuria and no proteinuria.

  • 2-152 Significantly different from groups with microproteinuria and macroproteinuria (p<0.05).

  • 2-153 Significantly different from other groups with proteinuria.