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Association of serum uric acid levels with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hypertensive patients in China: a cohort study


Purpose The present study aimed to assess the association of elevated serum uric acid (SUA) and hypouricemia with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in Chinese hypertensive patients.

Methods In the present prospective cohort, 9325 hypertensive patients from Dongguan, China were enrolled from 2014 to 2018 for analysis. Participants were categorised by quintiles of SUA. The HRs and 95% CIs for the association between SUA, all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were evaluated using the multivariate Cox regression model. After adjusting for multiple confounders, restricted cubic spline analysis was conducted to demonstrate the shape of relationship.

Results After a median follow-up of 4.18 years for 9325 participants, there were 409 (4.4%) and 151 (1.6%) reported cases of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, respectively. By using the third quintile of SUA (6.68 mg/dL to <7.55 mg/dL for men, 5.63 mg/dL to <6.42 mg/dL for women) as reference, the highest quintiles of SUA were associated with an elevated risk of all cause (HR: 1.34, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.80) in the crude model, but the association was not significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons. The association between low SUA and mortality and the dose–response analysis on the non-linearity of SUA–mortality relationship were not statistically significant.

Conclusions Although the association between SUA levels, all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality did not appear to be significant among Chinese hypertensive patients, the findings might be confounded by their medical conditions. Further studies are needed to verify the optimal SUA levels for hypertensive patients.

  • hypertension
  • epidemiology

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request. Raw data were generated at the Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital. Derived data supporting the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author on request.

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