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Prognostic significance of international normalised ratio and prothrombin time in Chinese acute ischaemic stroke patients

Abstract

Background We investigated the association between international normalised ratio (INR) and prothrombin time (PT) levels on hospital admission and in-hospital outcomes in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) patients.

Methods A total of 3175 AIS patients enrolled from December 2013 to May 2014 across 22 hospitals in Suzhou city were included. We divided patients into four groups according to their level of admission INR: (<0.92), Q2 (0.92–0.98), Q3 (0.98–1.04) and Q4 (≥1.04) and PT. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the effect of INR and PT on death or major disability (modified Rankin Scale score (mRS)>3), death and major disability (mRS scores 4–5) separately on discharge in AIS patients.

Results Having an INR level in the highest quartile (Q4) was associated with an increased risk of death or major disability (OR 1.69; 95% CI 1.23 to 2.31; P-trend=0.001), death (OR, 2.64; 95% CI 1.12 to 6.19; P-trend=0.002) and major disability on discharge (OR, 1.56; 95% CI 1.13 to 2.15; P-trend=0.008) in comparison to Q1 after adjusting for potential covariates. Moreover, in multivariable logistic regression models, having a PT level in the highest quartile also significantly increased the risk of death (OR, 2.38; 95% CI 1.06 to 5.32; P-trend=0.006) but not death or major disability (P-trend=0.240), major disability (P-trend=0.606) on discharge.

Conclusions High INR at admission was independently associated with death or major disability, death and major disability at hospital discharge in AIS patients and increased PT was also associated with death at hospital discharge.

  • neurology
  • stroke medicine
  • vascular medicine

Data availability statement

Data are available on reasonable request. The datasets during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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