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Gender and racial trends among neurology residents: an overview
  1. Hamza Maqsood1,
  2. Sadiq Naveed2,
  3. Amna Mohyud Din Chaudhary3,
  4. Muhammad Taimoor Khan4,
  5. Faisal Khosa5
  1. 1 Medicine, Nishtar Medical College and Hospital, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  2. 2 Psychiatry, Hartford Hospital Institute of Living, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
  3. 3 Internal Medicine, Nishtar Medical College and Hospital, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
  4. 4 Vascular Neurology, Charleston Area Medical Center Health System Inc, Charleston, West Virginia, USA
  5. 5 Radiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sadiq Naveed, Psychiatry, Hartford Hospital Institute of Living, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; sadiq.naveed{at}hhchealth.org

Abstract

Diversification of academic medicine improves healthcare standards and patient outcomes. Gender and racial inequalities are major challenges faced by the healthcare system. This article reviews the trends of gender and racial disparity among residents of neurology. This retrospective analysis of the annual Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Data Resource Books encompassed all residents at US neurology residency training programmes from the year 2007 to 2018. The representation of women steadily increased, with an absolute increase of 3% from the year 2007 to 2018. Although the absolute change (%) increased for the White race, Asian/Pacific Islander, Black/African Americans, there was a decrease seen in the Hispanic representation in neurology residents from the year 2011 to 2018. There was no change seen for the Native Americans/Alaskans. Our study concluded that gender and racial disparity persists in the recruitment of residents in neurology. This study highlights the need for targeted interventions to address gender and racial disparity among residents of neurology. Further studies are needed to explore etiological factors to address gender and racial disparity.

  • neurology
  • epidemiology
  • ethics (see medical ethics)
  • international health services

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Footnotes

  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it first published. The provenance and peer review statement has been included.

  • Contributors HM contributed to literature search, statistical analysis, writing and composing the manuscript. SN contributed to data collection, modifying research questions and editing manuscript. AMDC contributed to manuscript writing, statistical analysis and data collection. MTK contributed to helping in writing and editing manuscript. FK contributed to data collection and editing manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests FK is the recipient of the AFMC-May Cohen Equity, Diversity and Gender Award (2020).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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