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- education & training (see medical education & training)
- sports medicine
- quality in health care
Exercise oncology is a growing field in cancer care that deals with the use of various types of exercise (eg, aerobic exercise, resistance training and mind body exercise) in the management of patients with cancer.1 The progress of research in the field of exercise oncology has resulted to a broad and substantial evidence on the role of physical activity (PA) in cancer prevention and management. The growing field of exercise oncology is divided into three major areas (1) cellular and molecular exercise oncology, (2) clinical exercise oncology and (3) behavioural exercise oncology.1 Advancements and discoveries in cellular and molecular exercise oncology assist in the design and personalisation of exercise prescriptions for certain cancers in diverse populations, which have been successfully incorporated into clinical practice. Evidence showed that certain amount of aerobic exercise, resistance training and combined aerobic and resistance exercise can mitigate cancer-related health burdens (eg, anxiety, depressive symptoms and fatigue) and adverse effects associated with cancer treatment (such as cardiovascular toxicity and cognitive impairment).2 However, there is a need to improve the knowledge of medical oncologists on exercise prescription and tailoring exercise regimen according to patient’s health status and functional capacity. Currently, the 11th edition of the American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription (ACSM) is the most recommended handbook for developing expertise in exercise testing, safety, prescription and monitoring, which can be applied in clinical exercise oncology. The handbook covers technically established standards on clinical exercise testing and prescription, interpretation of clinical exercise test results and reviews of recommended methods for exercise testing and exercise prescription in healthy and diseased patients. Moreover, the handbook also contains important evidence on …
Contributors CEO did the literature search, wrote the manuscript, drafted the manuscript and revised the manuscript critically.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
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