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Fire-breather’s lung: hydrocarbon pneumonitis
  1. Tukaram Bolla,
  2. Vineetha Kanneganti,
  3. Tanushi Aggarwal,
  4. Shubham Singh,
  5. Swapnil Chaudhary,
  6. Ashok Kumar Pannu
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ashok Kumar Pannu, Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India; gawaribacchi{at}

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A 16-year-old boy was admitted with cough and difficulty breathing after aspiration of hydrocarbon 1 week before presentation. He accidentally ingested and aspirated about 15 mL of diesel on spitting out its jet over an open flame while performing a fire-breathing act as a stunning stunt in a village fair. Immediately following the aspiration, he had three to four episodes of vomiting. Within a few hours, he started developing dry cough and difficulty breathing, which progressively worsened. He was previously healthy and did not …

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  • Contributors TB collected patient data and drafted the manuscript. VK, TA, SS and SC drafted the manuscript. AKP conceived the idea and revised the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.