Statistics from Altmetric.com
A young adult male patient presented with subacute onset, rapidly progressive cognitive impairment and refractory seizures and was diagnosed as definite anti N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) antibody encephalitis as per criteria by Graus et al. (2016), following detection of culprit autoantibodies in serum.1 MRI of brain revealed bilateral T2-weighted image (T2WI)/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) claustrum hyperintensities (figure 1). Previously, in a cohort of 34 patients,2 presenting with new-onset refractory epilepsy, 4 out of 34 patients showed bilateral claustrum FLAIR hyperintensities on MRI imaging, …
Contributors AKD and UC drafted the initial manuscript and collaborated in diagnosis and management of the patient; AD and SM collected the images, worked for critical content and revision of manuscript with review of literature; AP supervised the entire procedure and treatment of the patient.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.