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Cheese, ketchup and grapes: a 10-step protocol on how to teach medical students and junior doctors cataract surgery in a simulated environment using household items
  1. Christopher Norbury
  1. Ophthalmology, Singleton Hospital, Swansea, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Christopher Norbury, Singleton Hospital, Swansea SA2 8QA, UK; csnorbury{at}


Cataract surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures performed worldwide, yet many medical students and doctors remain uncertain as to what a cataract is or what the operation involves. This protocol provides a simple 10-step approach on how to teach medical students and non-specialist doctors the stages involved in cataract surgery, in a low cost wet lab-based environment, without the need for expensive surgical simulators or operating microscopes.

  • ophthalmology
  • medical education & training
  • cataract and refractive surgery

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  • Contributors Dr Norbury was responsible for conceptualisation and preparation of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

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