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Advances in the management of diabetes: new devices for type 1 diabetes
  1. Wunna Wunna1,
  2. Jovanna Tsoutsouki1,
  3. Aisha Chowdhury1,
  4. Tahseen Ahmad Chowdhury2
  1. 1 Department of Diabetes, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK
  2. 2 Diabetes and Metabolism, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Tahseen Ahmad Chowdhury, The Royal London Hospital, 7th Floor, John Harrison House, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK; Tahseen.Chowdhury{at}nhs.net

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune condition that affects a significant number of people worldwide, with higher prevalence in white European populations. The condition is responsible for a high burden of microvascular complications, especially when poorly controlled. The condition is also burdensome on the patient and has major psychosocial and occupational impacts. It requires lifelong frequent blood glucose monitoring and regular insulin injections. Important technological advances in the management of T1D have occurred in recent years. These include the advent of new glucose testing devices using interstitial glucose, and new insulin delivery devices. These technologies may improve quality of life, and glucose management in this condition. This review aims to outline the current advances in the management of T1D for the general physician, with a particular focus on new technologies.

  • Diabetes & endocrinology
  • diabetic nephropathy & vascular disease
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Footnotes

  • Twitter wunna_wn.

  • Contributors WW wrote the main sections on the management of T1D and devices. AC and JT contributed sections, referenced, reviewed and revised the manuscript. TAC conceived the idea, wrote and rewrote various sections including the self-assessment questions. TAC is the guarantor.

  • Funding None.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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