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Relationship between diastolic blood pressure and the first ischaemic stroke in elderly patients with hypertension

Abstract

Background It is uncertain how diastolic blood pressure (DBP) may associate with ischaemic stroke in elder patients with hypertension. We aimed to explore this relationship in a Chinese community.

Methods A total of 3315 participants aged ≥60 years with essential hypertension were enrolled between January 2010 and December 2011, and being followed up until 31 December 2016. DBP levels were categorised into five groups (<60, 60–70, 70–80, 80–90 and ≥90 mm Hg), using 70–80 mm Hg as referent. We performed Cox regression analysis and subgroup analyses to evaluate the relationship between DBP and the incidence of ischaemic stroke.

Results Among the 3315 participants, 44.49% were men and they were 71.4 years old on average. During a median follow-up period of 5.5 years, there were 206 onset cases of ischaemic stroke. The HRs for the first ischaemic stroke in the fully adjusted model were 1.32 (95% CI 0.73 to 2.40) for DBP <70 mm Hg, 1.50 (95% CI 1.13 to 2.73) for DBP between 80 and 89.9 mm Hg and 2.31 (95% CI 1.14 to 4.68) for DBP ≥90 mm Hg compared with DBP between 70 and 79.9 mm Hg (p=0.020 for trend). Subgroup and interaction analysis showed no significant findings.

Conclusions DBP had a non-linear association with the risk of ischaemic stroke among Chinese elderly patients with hypertension. DBP between 70 and 80 mm Hg may be an appropriate indicator for a lower stroke risk.

  • diastolic blood pressure
  • ischaemic stroke
  • elderly
  • hypertension
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