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Nicolau syndrome, also known as livedo-like dermatitis or embolia cutis medicamentosa, is a rare complication following intramuscular or intra-articular injection of various drugs.1 Although initially described in patients receiving intramuscular injection of bismuth salt for the treatment of syphilis in early nineteenth century, subsequent cases of Nicolau syndrome have been reported secondary to administration of penicillin, diclofenac sodium, glatimarer acetate, vitamin K and etanercept.2 This agonising iatrogenic syndrome may lead to disfiguring scarring and rarely, death.
A 26-year-old man presented with painful, blackish discoloration of the skin over the left buttock of 4 days' duration. Before its onset, he had received intramuscular diclofenac sodium injected into the buttock for a sprained ankle. Immediately after the injection, he experienced a severe dull-aching pain associated with bluish discolouration of skin, …
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