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Academic neurosurgery in the UK: present and future directions
  1. Mueez Waqar1,
  2. Benjamin M Davies2,
  3. Rasheed Zakaria3,
  4. Damiano G Barone2,
  5. Angelos G Kolias2,
  6. Kenny K Yu1,
  7. Jonathan R Ellenbogen4,
  8. Paul M Brennan5,
  9. Mark RN Kotter2,
  10. William P Gray6,
  11. Andrew T King1,
  12. Carole Turner7,
  13. Neil Kitchen8,
  14. Paul May9,
  15. Michael D Jenkinson9,
  16. Peter J Hutchinson2
  1. 1Neurosurgery, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, UK
  2. 2Division of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke’s Hospital and University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  3. 3Neurosurgery, The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
  4. 4Paediatric Neurosurgery, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, Liverpool, UK
  5. 5Translational Neurosurgery, Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh and Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
  6. 6Neurosurgery, University Hospital Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
  7. 7Surgery Theme, Cambridge Clinical Trials Unit, Cambridge, UK
  8. 8Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, UK
  9. 9Neurosurgery, Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Peter J Hutchinson, Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK; pjah2{at}cam.ac.uk

Abstract

Academic neurosurgery encompasses basic science and clinical research efforts to better understand and treat diseases of relevance to neurosurgical practice, with the overall aim of improving treatment and outcome for patients. In this article, we provide an overview of the current and future directions of British academic neurosurgery. Training pathways are considered together with personal accounts of experiences of structured integrated clinical academic training and unstructured academic training. Life as an academic consultant is also described. Funding is explored, for the specialty as a whole and at the individual level. UK academic neurosurgical organisations are highlighted. Finally, the UK’s international standing is considered.

  • academia
  • neurosurgery
  • academic neurosurgery
  • research
  • integrated clinical academic training
  • ICAT
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Footnotes

  • Contributors MW: assimilated manuscript sections; authored the introduction, international standing and conclusion subsections; contributed to tables 3, 5 and 6; prepared the final draft. BMD: aided in assimilation of the manuscript subsections and preparation of final draft; authored the academic consultants and professors subsection; contributed to table 3. RZ: authored the funding subsection; contributed to tables 3 and 4; aided in review of manuscript drafts. DGB: authored the training subsection; contributed to tables 1 and 2; aided in review of manuscript drafts. AGK: authored the academic neurosurgical bodies in the UK subsection; contributed to table 3; aided in review of manuscript drafts. KKY: contributed to training section and table 3; aided in review of manuscript drafts. JRE: contributed to training subsection; aided in review of manuscript drafts. PMB: contributed to the training section; aided in review of manuscript drafts. MRNK: contributed to training section and table 3; aided in review of manuscript drafts. WPG: contributed to all manuscript subsections and tables 2, 4 and 5; aided in review of manuscript drafts. ATK: contributed to academic consultants and professors subsection; aided in review of manuscript drafts. CT: contributed to tables 4 and 5; aided in review of manuscript drafts. NK: contributed to international standing subsection; aided in review of manuscript drafts. PM: contributed to introduction and conclusion; reviewed manuscript drafts. MDJ: devised review idea; aided in author recruitment; assigned article subsections; contributed to all sections; reviewed manuscript drafts. PJH: devised review idea; aided in author recruitment; assigned article subsections; contributed to all sections; reviewed manuscript drafts.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests MW and BMD are supported by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Academic Clinical Fellowships. KKY is supported by an NIHR Academic Clinical Lectureship. DGB is supported by a Wellcome Trust Fellowship. AGK is supported by a Clinical Lectureship, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge. MRNK is supported by a NIHR Clinician Scientist Award (CS-2015-15-023). WPG is supported by and directs the HCRW B.R.A.I.N. Biomedical Research Unit. PJH is supported by a NIHR Research Professorship, the NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre and the NIHR Research Group on Global Neurotrauma.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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