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Preprint: already the bride or still the bridesmaid?
  1. Abhishek Vaish1,
  2. Dhananjaya Sharma2,
  3. Raju Vaishya3
  1. 1 Trauma & Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
  2. 2 Department of Surgery, NSCB Government Medical College Jabalpur (MP), Jabalpur, India
  3. 3 Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Abhishek Vaish, Trauma & Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India; drabhishekvaish{at}

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Preprint, as the term is self-explanatory, is the final draft of a research paper that is digitally shared openly before being certified by peer-review. The long and tedious process of publishing a scientific paper coupled with researchers’ desire to stake their claim as publishing first in the field to protect their intellectual property rights has led to the increasing popularity of preprints. A preprint allows them to quickly and publicly share their research online; get a digital object identifier (DOI) number; retain the copyright and get online feedback from peers to improve the manuscript before submitting it for peer-review. Its most significant advantage lies in the immediate digital dissemination of important scientific information, as seen in the exponential increase in and impact of preprint publications during the current COVID-19 pandemic.1 2 Idea of preprints appealed to many publishing houses, and ~86% of clinical journals with high-impact factors are now preprint friendly, but their guidelines vary (table 1).3

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Table 1

Publisher’s guidelines for preprint acceptance

The recent spotlight on preprints has been because of their ascending prominence during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Biggest success story of preprints …

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  • Contributors AV: Manuscipt writing, research. DS: Manuscript writing, editing the manuscript. RV: Conceptualisation, editing the manuscript

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.