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Sacubitril/valsartan is a fixed dose combination of a neprilysin inhibitor (sacubitril) and an AT1 receptor blocker (valsartan), referred to as an angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNi). Its indication is in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).1 Hyponatraemia has only been reported once2 as an adverse drug reaction. We here contribute what we believe is the first reported case of ARNi induced chronic asymptomatic severe hyponatraemia, discovered incidentally by routine laboratory testing.
A middle-aged woman with a medical history of Cushing’s syndrome, myocardial infarction (MI), Graves’ disease and HFrEF (secondary to previous MI, ejection fraction originally=29%, now 45% after medical therapy) was discovered to have severe hyponatraemia on a routine follow-up visit to her cardiologist. She has had normal cortisol levels following a left adrenalectomy for …
Contributors SRM and HH drafted the work. LPP and ST revised it critically. All authors approved the final version of the article.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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