Background We sought to investigate whether admission hyperglycaemia is associated with complications in patients who had an acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and, if so, whether complications during hospitalisation modify the effect of hyperglycaemia on 3-month poor outcome after thrombolysis.
Methods Patients who were diagnosed with AIS after thrombolysis between July 2016 and January 2019 were enrolled in this study. Five prespecified complications, including infections, brain oedema, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), haemorrhagic transformation (HT) and gastrointestinal bleeding, were recorded during hospitalisation.
Results Of 388 patients, 143 (36.86%) presented with hyperglycaemia. Patients with hyperglycaemia were more likely to experience one or more complications than patients without hyperglycaemia. After adjustment for potential confounders, hyperglycaemia was associated with brain oedema (OR 2.39; 95% CI 1.08 to 5.30), HT (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.06 to 4.41), symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (sICH) (OR 7.32, 95% CI 2.35 to 22.80) and gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.93 to 6.80), but was not linked to infections (OR 1.48, 95% CI 0.76 to 2.9) and DVT (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.23 to 1.5). Additional adjustment for the complications in the clinical outcome analysis, done to assess these complications as an intermediate in the pathway from admission hyperglycaemia to clinical outcome, did not substantially change the model (all p for interaction >0.05).
Conclusion Hyperglycaemia is an independent predictor of complications following stroke after thrombolysis, especially for brain oedema, gastrointestinal bleeding, HT and sICH. Complications during hospitalisation did not modify the effect of hyperglycaemia on the poor outcome at 3 months in ischaemic stroke.
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YC and JL are joint first authors.
Contributors All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by YC, JL, YL, YZ and JY. The first draft of the manuscript was written by YC and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Funding This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81673144).
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Patients signed informed consent regarding publishing their data.
Ethics approval The present study was approved by the ethics committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.