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President John F Kennedy’s medical history: coeliac disease and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2

Abstract

President John F. Kennedy (JFK) had a complex medical history that is now thought to be an autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 with Addison’s disease and hypothyroidism. He also had gastrointestinal symptoms from adolescence, which now fit well with coeliac disease. In addition, he had a chronic back problem, which contributed to a chronic pain syndrome. This review looks at JFK’s various diseases and focusses on the history of coeliac disease, as well as its presentation. JFK’s Irish ancestry supports the hypothesis of a coeliac disease started early in his youth.

  • medical history
  • immunology
  • coeliac disease
  • adrenal disorders
  • thyroid disease

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