Background The differential diagnosis of malignant effusion remains a clinical challenge. We aim to summarise all relevant literature studies in order to determine the overall clinical value of E-cadherin in the diagnosis of malignant effusion by meta-analysis.
Methods PubMed, the Cochrane Library Database, Medline (Ovid), Web of Science, CNKI, WANFANG and WEIPU databases are thoroughly searched up to 15 March2018. The calculated pooled sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio (LR), diagnostic OR(DOR) and the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve were plotted.
Results A total of 15 studies were included in the analysis. The sensitivity and specificity of E-cadherin in the diagnosis of malignant effusion were determined to be high, with a sensitivity of 0.83(95%CI0.79 to 0.87) and a specificity of 0.96(95%CI0.90 to 0.98). The positive LR was determined to be 21.10(95%CI 8.54 to 52.11), the negative LR was determined to be 0.17(95% CI 0.14 to 0.22) and the DOR was determined to be 121.34(95%CI 49.11 to 299.80). The SROC curve exhibited a high overall diagnostic, with the area under the curve measured to be 0.91(95% CI 0.89 to 0.93). Subgroup analysis showed the method (cell blocks or smears), sample size (≥100 or<100), geographical location (Asia, Europe or USA) and impact factor of each article (≥3 or<3) were not the sources of overall heterogeneity.
Conclusion E-cadherin exhibits very good diagnostic accuracy for the diagnosis for malignant effusion; thus, it can be helpful in the process of clinical decisions.
- systematic review
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FC, LD and JA contributed equally.
Contributors Conception and design: FC, JA and LD. Administrative support, guarantor of the paper, revised the manuscript, taking responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole: LC and YS. Collection and assembly of data: JA and NZ. Systematic review, meta-analysis and interpretation: FC and LD. Manuscript writing: all authors. Final approval of manuscript: all authors.
Funding This work was supported in part by grant 2016YFC0901100 from the National Key Research and Development Program of China and grant 2017SZ0120 from the Key Research Development Program of Sichuan Province.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement There are no data in this work.
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