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Evaluation of a gender-affirming healthcare curriculum for second-year medical students

Abstract

Background Transgender medicine is an emergent subfield with clearly identified educational gaps.

Aims This manuscript evaluates a gender-affirming healthcare curriculum for second-year medical (M2) students.

Methods Students received a survey assessing Gender Identity Competency in terms of skills, knowledge and attitudes regarding transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) issues. The authors administered the survey before and after the delivery of the curriculum. The curriculum included five online modules, a quiz, a 3-hour case-based workshop and a 2-hour interactive patient-provider panel.

Results Approximately 60% of M2 students (n=77) completed both preassessments and postassessments. The following showed a statistically significant improvement from preassessment to postassessment: student Gender Identity Competency, t(76) = −11.07, p<0.001; skills, t(76) = −15.22, p<0.001; and self-reported knowledge, t(76) = −4.36, p<0.001. Negative attitudes did not differ (p=0.378). Interest in TGNC issues beyond healthcare settings did not change (p=0.334). M2 students reported a significant change in experience role-playing chosen pronouns in a clinical setting, t(76) = −8.95, p<0.001.

Conclusions The curriculum improved students’ gender-affirming medical competency, knowledge and skills. The development of a sustained, longitudinal curriculum is recommended in addition to the continuing education of faculty to reinforce this expanding knowledge and skills base and to address discomfort working with this population.

  • education & training (see medical education & training)
  • transgender
  • gender non-conforming
  • healthcare curriculum
  • attitudes

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