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Revolving doors of tendinopathy: definition, pathogenesis and treatment
  1. Zafar Ahmad1,
  2. Asif Parkar2,
  3. Jennifer Shepherd3,
  4. Neil Rushton4
  1. 1 Orthopaedic Research Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  2. 2 Orthopaedics, Barking Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Romford, UK
  3. 3 School of Engineering, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
  4. 4 Orthopaedic Research Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Zafar Ahmad, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, UK; ziaxj{at}


The ultimate cure for the tendon pathology continues to elude current science. Despite great steps in technology, the causation and treatment is still not clear. The number of different theories and treatment modalities in the literature may confuse clinicians and patients. In this paper we outline the definitions, evolution of pathogenesis and treatment for tendinopathy. By highlighting these, the aim of this paper is to guide the practitioner in counselling and treating their patients.

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  • Contributors ZA came up with the idea and wrote the article with AP. NR helped in writing the basic science of the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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