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Genomics in medicine: a novel elective rotation for internal medicine residents
  1. Linda N Geng1,
  2. Jennefer N Kohler2,
  3. Peter Levonian3,
  4. Members of the Undiagnosed Diseases Network,
  5. Jonathan A Bernstein2,4,
  6. James M Ford1,
  7. Neera Ahuja1,
  8. Ronald Witteles1,
  9. Jason Hom1,2,
  10. Matthew Wheeler1,2
    1. 1 Department of Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    2. 2 Center for Undiagnosed Diseases, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    3. 3 Cancer Genetics and Genomics, Stanford Health Care, Stanford, California, USA
    4. 4 Department of Pediatrics, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    1. Correspondence to Dr Linda N Geng, Stanford Medicine, Stanford, CA 94304, USA;

    Abstract

    It is well recognised that medical training globally and at all levels lacks sufficient incorporation of genetics and genomics education to keep up with the rapid advances and growing application of genomics to clinical care. However, the best strategy to implement these desired changes into postgraduate medical training and engage learners is still unclear. We developed a novel elective rotation in ‘Genomic Medicine and Undiagnosed Diseases’ for categorical Internal Medicine Residents to address this educational gap and serve as an adaptable model for training that can be applied broadly across different specialties and at other institutions. Key curriculum goals achieved include increased understanding about genetic testing modalities and tools available for diagnosis and risk analysis, the role of genetics-trained allied health professionals, and indications and limitations of genetic and genomic testing in both rare and common conditions.

    • education & training (see medical education & training)
    • medical education & training
    • general medicine (see internal medicine)
    • genetics
    • internal medicine
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    Footnotes

    • JH and MW contributed equally.

    • Presented at We presented a portion of this data as a poster at the American Society of Human Genetics Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida in October 2017.

    • Collaborators MEMBERS OF THE UNDIAGNOSED DISEASES NETWORK: Maria T. Acosta, David R. Adams, Aaron Aday, Mercedes E. Alejandro, Patrick Allard, Euan A. Ashley, Mahshid S. Azamian, Carlos A. Bacino, Guney Bademci, Eva Baker, Ashok Balasubramanyam, Dustin Baldridge, Deborah Barbouth, Gabriel F. Batzli, Alan H. Beggs, Hugo J. Bellen, Jonathan A. Bernstein, Gerard T. Berry, Anna Bican, David P. Bick, Camille L. Birch, Stephanie Bivona, Carsten Bonnenmann, Devon Bonner, Braden E. Boone, Bret L. Bostwick, Lauren C. Briere, Elly Brokamp, Donna M. Brown, Matthew Brush, Elizabeth A. Burke, Lindsay C. Burrage, Manish J. Butte, Olveen Carrasquillo, Ta Chen Peter Chang, Hsiao‐Tuan Chao, Gary D. Clark, Terra R. Coakley, Laurel A. Cobban, Joy D. Cogan, F. Sessions Cole, Heather A. Colley, Cynthia M. Cooper, Heidi Cope, William J. Craigen, Precilla D'Souza, Surendra Dasari, Mariska Davids, Jean M. Davidson, Jyoti G. Dayal, Esteban C. Dell'Angelica, Shweta U. Dhar, Naghmeh Dorrani, Daniel C. Dorset, Emilie D. Douine, David D. Draper, Annika M. Dries, Laura Duncan, David J. Eckstein, Lisa T. Emrick, Christine M. Eng, Gregory M. Enns, Cecilia Esteves, Tyra Estwick, Liliana Fernandez, Carlos Ferreira, Elizabeth L. Fieg, Paul G. Fisher, Brent L. Fogel, Irman Forghani, Noah D. Friedman, William A. Gahl, Rena A. Godfrey, Alica M. Goldman, David B. Goldstein, Jean‐Philippe F. Gourdine, Alana Grajewski, Catherine A. Groden, Andrea L. Gropman, Melissa Haendel, Rizwan Hamid, Neil A. Hanchard, Frances High, Ingrid A. Holm, Jason Hom, Alden Huang, Yong Huang, Rosario Isasi, Fariha Jamal, Yong‐hui Jiang, Jean M. Johnston, Angela L. Jones, Lefkothea Karaviti, Emily G. Kelley, David M. Koeller, Isaac S. Kohane, Jennefer N. Kohler, Deborah Krakow, Donna M. Krasnewich, Susan Korrick, Mary Koziura, Joel B. Krier, Jennifer E. Kyle, Seema R. Lalani, Byron Lam, Brendan C. Lanpher, Ian R. Lanza, C. Christopher Lau, Jozef Lazar, Kimberly LeBlanc, Brendan H. Lee, Hane Lee, Roy Levitt, Shawn E. Levy, Richard A. Lewis, Sharyn A. Lincoln, Pengfei Liu, Xue Zhong Liu, Sandra K. Loo, Joseph Loscalzo, Richard L. Maas, Ellen F. Macnamara, Calum A. MacRae, Valerie V. Maduro, Marta M. Majcherska, May Christine V. Malicdan, Laura A. Mamounas, Teri A. Manolio, Thomas C. Markello, Ronit Marom, Martin G. Martin, Julian A. Martínez‐Agosto, Shruti Marwaha, Thomas May, Jacob McCauley, Allyn McConkie‐Rosell, Colleen E. McCormack, Alexa T. McCray, Jason D. Merker, Thomas O. Metz, Matthew Might, Eva Morava‐Kozicz, Paolo M. Moretti, Marie Morimoto, John J. Mulvihill, David R. Murdock, Avi Nath, Stan F. Nelson, J. Scott Newberry, John H. Newman, Sarah K. Nicholas, Donna Novacic, Devin Oglesbee, James P. Orengo, Stephen Pak, J. Carl Pallais, Christina GS. Palmer, Jeanette C. Papp, Neil H. Parker, Loren DM. Pena, John A. Phillips III, Jennifer E. Posey, John H. Postlethwait, Lorraine Potocki, Barbara N. Pusey, Genecee Renteria, Chloe M. Reuter, Lynette Rives, Amy K. Robertson, Lance H. Rodan, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Robb K. Rowley, Ralph Sacco, Jacinda B. Sampson, Susan L. Samson, Mario Saporta, Judy Schaechter, Timothy Schedl, Kelly Schoch, Daryl A. Scott, Lisa Shakachite, Prashant Sharma, Vandana Shashi, Kathleen Shields, Jimann Shin, Rebecca Signer, Catherine H. Sillari, Edwin K. Silverman, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Kevin S. Smith, Lilianna Solnica‐Krezel, Rebecca C. Spillmann, Joan M. Stoler, Nicholas Stong, Jennifer A. Sullivan, David A. Sweetser, Cecelia P. Tamburro, Queenie K.‐G. Tan, Mustafa Tekin, Fred Telischi, Willa Thorson, Cynthia J. Tifft, Camilo Toro, Alyssa A. Tran, Tiina K. Urv, Tiphanie P. Vogel, Daryl M. Waggott, Colleen E. Wahl, Nicole M. Walley, Chris A. Walsh, Melissa Walker, Jennifer Wambach, Jijun Wan, Lee‐kai Wang, Michael F. Wangler, Patricia A. Ward, Katrina M. Waters, Bobbie‐Jo M. Webb‐Robertson, Daniel Wegner, Monte Westerfield, Matthew T. Wheeler, Anastasia L. Wise, Lynne A. Wolfe, Jeremy D. Woods, Elizabeth A. Worthey, Shinya Yamamoto, John Yang, Amanda J. Yoon, Guoyun Yu, Diane B. Zastrow, Chunli Zhao, Stephan Zuchner.

    • Contributors LNG, JNK, JH and MW drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed to the editing of the manuscript, conceptualisation and/or implementation of the rotation.

    • Funding Research reported in this manuscript was supported by the NIH Common Fund, through the Office of Strategic Coordination/Office of the NIH Director under Award Number U01HG007708 for the Stanford Medicine clinical site.

    • Disclaimer The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

    • Competing interests None declared.

    • Patient consent for publication Not required.

    • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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