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Re-expansion pulmonary oedema following spontaneous pneumothorax
  1. José Daniel Sánchez Lopez,
  2. Sara Nuñez ÒSullivan,
  3. Esther Ferrero,
  4. Luis Garcia-Sancho,
  5. Antonio Luis Picardo
  1. Department of General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Infanta Sofia, San Sebastian de los Reyes, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr José Daniel Sánchez Lopez, General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Infanta Sofia, San Sebastian de los Reyes 28230, Spain; dasalop{at}gmail.com

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Re-expansion pulmonary oedema (RPO) is a rare complication that can occur after rapid reinflation of the lung following drainage of a pleural effusion or pneumothorax.

The prevalence of RPO is quite rare,1 2 generally cited as less than 1% of cases. The range reported in literature varies significantly, however, ranging from 0.3% to 32.5%.1 2

The mortality rate is often cited at 20%; however, more recent studies have …

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