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Overview of complications of acute and chronic myocardial infarctions: revisiting pathogenesis and cross-sectional imaging

Abstract

Myocardial infarction (MI) remains one of the leading contributors to overall mortality and morbidity in the modern world, even with recent advances in medicine. Various complications can arise following an MI, particularly with delayed or inadequate treatment. Even though many of these complications are uncommon, they can have a significant impact on patient outcomes. Some of these complications can be diagnosed based on clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic evaluation. Other times, however, cardiac MR and multidetector CT are necessary in their diagnosis and proper evaluation. Accurate detection of these complications is an important aspect of optimising prompt and effective patient care, leading to better clinical outcomes. It is the goal of this article to review the role of cross-sectional imaging in patients with post-MI as well as the characteristic imaging findings and differential diagnosis of common and uncommon complications of MI.

  • diagnostic radiology
  • myocardial infarction
  • computed tomography
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • cardiovascular imaging
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