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CSF leak leading to seroma formation
  1. Mohsen Benam1,
  2. Mansour Parvaresh1,
  3. Alfonso Fasano2,3,4,
  4. Mohammad Rohani1
  1. 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Hazrat Rasool Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  2. 2 Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson’s Disease and Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3 Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  4. 4 Krembil Brain Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mohammad Rohani, Division of Neurology, Hazrat Rasool Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1445613131, Iran; mohammadroohani{at}

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an increasingly used surgical treatment for patients with movement disorders including dystonias. In this therapeutic modality, electrodes are being implanted in deep brain structures (mostly basal ganglia). The electrodes are being connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG) through extension wires. The IPG is usually inserted in a subcutaneous pocket in subclavicular area.1 2

Seroma of the subcutaneous area around the IPG …

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  • Contributors MB and MP executed the study. MR conceived and designed the study. MB, MP and AF revised the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Next of kin consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.