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Migration into the bladder of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt with calculus formation: a remediable condition
  1. Shanmugasundaram Rajaian,
  2. Pragatheeswarane Murugavaithianathan,
  3. Karrthik Krishnamurthy,
  4. Lakshman Murugesan
  1. Department of Urology, MIOT International, 4/112, Mount Poonamallee Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Chennai
  1. Correspondence to Dr Shanmugasundaram Rajaian, MIOT International, 4/112, Mount Poonamallee Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600089, India; ssrl25{at}

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Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting can be associated with complications like obstruction, disconnection and erosion into hollow viscus. A 47-year-old man presented with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and gross haematuria of 2 months duration. Six years previously, VP shunt was placed for post-tuberculous hydrocephalus, but he was lost to follow-up. During the evaluation, the distal end of the VP shunt with calculi was noted on CT scan (figure 1A,B). Cystoscopy showed that distal 15 cm of the VP shunt was protruding through …

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  • Contributors SR and LM examined and investigated the patient. PM and KK planned and submitted the study. SR and PM are responsible for overall content of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.