Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Medical union: the pathway to an efficient healthcare system in China
  1. Lei Liu,
  2. Baojie Li
  1. Department of Public Service, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Lei Liu, Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China; liuleijiao{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Dear Editor,

Recently, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the need for the rapid development of a basic medical and healthcare system sufficient for the needs of China.1 The main issue with China’s current healthcare reform is that patients seem to be seeking primary care at tertiary hospitals. This causes long wait times, a disorganised referral system and a decrease in patient care as the hierarchical treatment system (referral system) is not used to its full potential.2 Therefore, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China …

View Full Text


  • Contributors LL and BL conceptualised the article, including its scope and content. LL wrote the article. LL is the guarantor for the article.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.