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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are benign, well-circumscribed, lobulated vascular hamartomas, which are found in 0.3–0.6% of the population.1 Patients with cavernous malformations may be asymptomatic, but often present with seizures, haemorrhage, neurological deficits and/or headaches.2 Although the imaging appearance of CCMs may vary, MRI, specifically using haem-sensitive sequences using gradient echo (GRE) or susceptibility-weighted imaging, has been proven to be both a highly specific and sensitive tool in the diagnosis of CCMs.1
Two common forms of CCMs are familial autosomal-dominant inherited form and sporadic form. Familial CCMs are usually present as multiple lesions while sporadic CCMs are often solitary.3 However, a large number of cases assumed to be isolated cases are actually undetected familial forms.4 The case below …
Contributors All authors contributed to the conception, drafted or made revisions to the manuscript, approved the final version and agreed to be accountable for aspects of the work.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.