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Complex gynaecological and urological problems in adolescents: challenges and transition
  1. Sarah M Creighton,
  2. Dan Wood
  1. Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dan Wood, Department of Urology, University College Hospital London, 250 Euston Road, London NW1 2PG, UK; dan.wood{at}


The diagnosis and early management of genitourinary disorders in children is challenging for the child, parents and carers. There have been enormous developments in paediatric care medically and surgically and as a result many patients with complex anomalies reach adult life and have a normal desire for a good quality of life. Adolescence changes the challenges faced as anatomical growth may alter the surgical outcomes both functionally and cosmetically. Emotional and psychological development also creates important challenges that all those involved have to face. These patients need expert care and advice throughout adolescence and into adult life. This should be delivered by a multidisciplinary team that includes urology, gynaecology, nephrology, endocrinology and psychology. This creates a safe clinical and supportive environment for patients and their families.

  • Exstrophy
  • Posterior Urethral Valves
  • Hypospadias
  • Vaginal agenesis
  • Obstructed menstruation
  • Disorders of sex development

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