Background and aims: Frailty and mortality in psychogeriatric patients are hard to predict but important in counselling and therapeutic decision making. We have therefore developed a simple frailty risk score to predict mortality this population.
Study design: Prospective observational study including 401 community dwelling psychogeriatric patients (249 women; mean (SD) age 78.0 (6.5) years), who had been referred to a multidisciplinary diagnostic observation centre. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to identify and select baseline characteristics for the development and validation of a risk score for the prediction of 3 year mortality.
Results: A total of 116 subjects died during follow-up (median follow-up duration of 26 months). Baseline characteristics associated with mortality were: age (hazard ratio (HR) 1.44, 95% confidence interval (CI)1.02 to 2.04), male sex (HR 2.93, 95% CI 1.89 to 4.59), living alone (HR 1.53, 95% CI 0.99 to 2.38), body mass index (BMI) <18.5 kg/m2 (HR 4.09, 95% CI 2.06 to 8.14), cardiovascular disease (HR 1.42, 95% CI 0.94 to 2.15), elderly mobility score <20 (HR 1.92, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.98), number of medicines ⩾2 (HR 2.28, 95% CI 1.21 to 4.31), and impaired motor (HR 1.47, 95% CI 0.93 to 2.32) and process skills (HR 1.92, 95% CI 1.12 to 2.98) in activities of daily living. These predictors were translated into an easy-to-use frailty risk score and patients were stratified into very good (<45 points), good (45–50) moderate (51–55), poor (56–61) and very poor (>61) prognosis groups. Three year mortality rates across these groups were 8.0%, 15.9%, 25.9%, 41.5%, and 68.8%, respectively (p<0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the risk score was 0.78 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.82), indicating good discriminative performance.
Conclusions: We developed and validated a risk score for the prediction of 3 year mortality. This risk score can be used to stratify patients into different risk categories, thereby informing patient counselling and tailored diagnostic and therapeutic decisions in clinical practice.
- psychogeriatric patients
- risk score
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Funding IF’s research activities are supported by a post-doc research grant (#2006T050) from the Netherlands Heart Foundation.
Competing interests none.
Patient consent Obtained
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.