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Three dimensional reconstruction of the pancreas based on the virtual Chinese human—female number 1
  1. Z M Zhou1,
  2. C H Fang1,
  3. L W Huang2,
  4. S Z Zhong3,
  5. B L Wang2,
  6. W Y Zhou1
  1. 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
  2. 2Department of Computer Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
  3. 3Institute of Clinical Anatomy, Southern Medical University
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor C H Fang
 Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, Guangdong, China; fch58520{at}


Objective: To study the three dimensional (3D) reconstruction and 3D visualisation of the pancreas and create anatomy of the digitalised visual pancreas so as to construct a concrete basis for virtual operation and surgical operation on pancreas.

Methods: The digital imaging data of pancreas, duodenum, common bile duct, arteries, and veins were obtained from the virtual Chinese human—female 1 (VCH-F1). The image data were investigated and 380 images ascertained of pancreas picked up from images numbers 2617 to 2996. Finally, the images from number 2574 to 3017 were adopted to segment and processed using ACDSee and Photoshop so as to reconstruct 3D pancreas digitally. The data of pancreatic surfaces were transformed into Visualization Toolkit (VTK). The GUI program written with VC+ was used to display this VTK file and realise 3D visualisation of the pancreas.

Results: 3D reconstruction and visualisation of the pancreas and the peri-pancreatic structures (the duodenum, the common bile duct,the inferior vena cava, the portal vein vessels, the aorta, the coeliac trunk vessels) was successful. The 3D and visualised pancreas manifested itself with its complete structure as well as its adjacency to other tissues.

Conclusion: The 3D reconstruction and 3D visualisation of the pancreas based on the digital data of VCH-F1 produces a digitally visualised pancreas, which promises a novel method for virtual operation on the pancreas, clinical operation on the pancreas, and anatomy of 3D visualised pancreas.

  • pancreas
  • 3D visulisation
  • anatomy
  • virtual human female no 1

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  • Funding: the research was supported by grant number 2003C34303 from the Provincial Science and Technology Projects of Guangdong Province and grant number 30470493 from the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

  • Conflicts of interest: none declared.