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The stethoscope: some preliminary investigations
  1. P D Welsby1,
  2. G Parry2,
  3. D Smith3
  1. 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh
  2. 2University of Edinburgh Medical School
  3. 3Medical Physics Department, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Philip D Welsby
 Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK;


Textbooks, clinicians, and medical teachers differ as to whether the stethoscope bell or diaphragm should be used for auscultating respiratory sounds at the chest wall. Logic and our results suggest that stethoscope diaphragms are more appropriate.

  • stethoscope
  • medical education

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