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Multiple sclerosis and pregnancy
  1. A R Lorenzi,
  2. H L Ford
  1. Department of Neurology, St James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr A R Lorenzi, Molecular Medicine Unit, Clinical Sciences Building, St James's University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK;


Multiple sclerosis causes disability in young adults and, like most autoimmune diseases, affects women more commonly than men. The disease can therefore present at a time when many have, or are considering, starting a family. The effect of pregnancy on the outcome of multiple sclerosis is reviewed and the management of pregnant women who have multiple sclerosis is discussed.

  • multiple sclerosis
  • pregnancy
  • EDSS, expanded disability status scale
  • HLA, human leucocyte antigen
  • IL, interleukin
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • NK, natural killer
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