In an out-patient study of 1344 general medical patients over 50 years old in India, the prevalence of hearing aid use was found to be significantly greater in type 2 diabetics.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
There has been persistent concern about the increased incidence of hearing loss in diabetes. The literature is scanty on this association,1 2 and there are no studies from the Indian subcontinent. We conducted an out-patient study on the prevalence of deafness, defined as the use of a hearing aid, in 1344 general medical patients over 50 years of age, with and without diabetes.
The total number of diabetic patients was 120, their mean age (± SD) was 64 ± 6 years. The number of patients using a hearing aid are shown in the table. The prevalence of hearing aid use in the entire group was the same as in the local population as a whole. Within each age group, the prevalence was increased in diabetic compared with non-diabetic patients (p<0.001). Deaf diabetic patients were older (71 ± 8.6 vs 65.2 ± 7.3 years, p< 0.01 adjusted for sex), and they had a longer duration of diabetes compared to those who did not use a hearing aid (10.2 ± 6.2vs 8.4 ± 6.1 years, p=0.10 adjusted for sex and age). HbA1c levels during the last year were slightly higher in the deaf patients (7.2 ± 1.2 vs 6.9 ± 1.1%, p>0.1 adjusted for age and sex). There was no difference in prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy or nephropathy.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.